British influence in Argentina and the railway

For this week’s virtual period in History we have to do some research on the creation and develop of the railways in Argentina and how Britain influenced on it and how.

During the National Organization period, Argentina began to outline a foreign policy favouring relations with Britain, which became the main buyer of Argentine raw materials and the major source of investment in the country.

Britain had always been interested in Spanish America in general and Argentina in particular and signed various treaties in the 1850s, which laid the groundwork for massive investment in transport, communications and navigation.

The Western Rail Company was formed in 1855 with mainly local capitals in order to build the first railway line. This line ran from Parque Station (where the Colón Opera House stands today) to Flores, eight miles to the west. This line was officially opened in August 1857 and was subsequently extended.

Several smaller rail companies (and lines) were created after the Western Rail, like the Northern Railway of Buenos Aires, the Buenos Aires and Ensenada Railway, the East Argentine Railway or the Buenos Aires to Campana Line. These companies were eventually absorbed by bigger British-owned outfits like the Central Argentine Railway Ltd. and the Buenos Aires Great Southern Railway Co. Ltd. The latter quoted on the London Stock Exchange.

In 1948, President Perón decided to nationalise the seven railway companies operating in Argentina at the time. This was considered a turning point because it was thought to bring about economic independence. All it did was deepen the economic crises from the 1950s onwards by contributing heavily towards the national budget deficits and deteriorate the quality of the rail service and the rolling stock in a downward spiral.

Publicado en 4AC2017, history | Deja un comentario

Verse Written on her Death Bed


This is a beautiful and moving poem filled with the romance of a woman who feels she has truly found her soul mate.

Read the poem

Thou who dost all my worldly thoughts employ,
Thou pleasing source of all my earthly joy,
Thou tenderest husband and thou dearest friend,
To thee this first, this last adieu I send!
At length the conqueror death asserts his right,
And will for ever veil me from thy sight;
He wooes me to him with a cheerful grace,
And not one terror clouds his meagre face;
He promises a lasting rest from pain,
And shews that all life’s fleeting joys are vain;
Th’ eternal scenes of heaven he sets in view,
And tells me that no other joys are true.
But love, fond love, would yet resist his power,
Would fain awhile defer the parting hour;
He brings thy mourning image to my eyes,
And would obstruct my journey to the skies.
But say, thou dearest, thou unwearied friend!
Say, should’st thou grieve to see my sorrows end?
Thou know’st a painful pilgrimage I’ve past;
And should’st thou grieve that rest is come at last?
Rather rejoice to see me shake off life,
And die as I have liv’d, thy faithful wife.

Mary Monck (?-1715)

Work in pairs and include:

-data about the writer and context of production

-whether this poem is based on her  life or not

-themes and tones

-literary devices used by the poet to put across her message

-personal conclusion on the poem 

Monck, Mary, a woman of great beauty and considerable poetical abilities, daughter of Lord Molesworth, was born in the latter half of the 17th century. She acquired an intimate knowledge of Latin, Italian, and Spanish literature. Chiefly residing in the country, one of a numerous family, she cultivated poetry more as an amusement than with a view to publication. She married George Monck of Dublin. After her early death from consumption, at Bath, in 1715, a volume of her poems and translations was published. Several of her pieces are given in Cibber’s Lives of the Poets. 

The poem was written in 1715 in the end of enlightenment and the beginning of the Industrial Revolution. The poem is based on her life. She writes it in her death bed, as a farewell to her husband in 1715. However the poem was not published in that year, only after her death was any of her poetry published. The themes are companionship and friendship, rather than lust and passion since the poem is about true love. Also we see the impact of aging and mortality. The tone is generally soothing and gentle, with occasional emotional outbursts.

As for literary devices, the repetition of ‘all’ emphasises the fact that the husband is the only person in her life. We have an analogy presenting her struggle with illness as a war with death personified as a ‘conqueror’. She contrasts the ‘fleeting joys’ of life with the ‘eternal scenes of heaven’ in an attempt to convince herself and her husband that death should hold no fear and thus be welcomed.

Mary writes this poem to show all the love she felt for her husband, her best friend and companion. The poem is a farewell to the love of her life. She is writting this poem in sadness about leaving and being mortal, but at the same time the poem is a way to demonstrate to her husband how she loved him.

Virtual Period

-choose a song that deals with the same topic, find a video and analyse it.

-Post it in your blog

Video: Goodbye my lover by James Blunt

We chose this song because we realised that both the song and poem are about a farewell to a lower, friend, etc. James Blunt says goodbye through a singed poem to his former lover, where as Mary Monck leaves written words to her husband to say her goodbyes.

Publicado en 4AC2017, literature | Deja un comentario

Soldier, Rest! … And other poems

The anguish of the earth absolves our eyes 

Till beauty shines in all that we can see. 

War is our scourge; yet war has made us wise, 

And, fighting for our freedom, we are free.


Horror of wounds and anger at the foe, 

And loss of things desired; all these must pass. 

We are the happy legion, for we know 

Time’s but a golden wind that shakes the grass.


There was an hour when we were loth to part 

From life we longed to share no less than others. 

Now, having claimed this heritage of heart, 

What need we more, my comrades and my brothers? 

The title of the poem is Absolution, which means “formal release from guilt, obligation, or punishment”. I believe that the choice of word for the title makes reference to the fact that he was seeking a release from war, he didn’t want to fight anymore.

In this poem Sassoon, who fought in World War 1, is parting to the front line with his comrades. On the first stanza he gives name to all the things that have to happen before the war he is fighting ends. Which for him would be a long time as he believed that the war was being prolonged by the government. In this first stanza he also names the things he fights for, his freedom for example. On the second stanza he shows with simple vocabulary some of the few things that happen during war, the wounds, the anger, the loss of friends and time. Finally in the third stanza he asks his comrades, if there is anything else that they need, they will have everything waiting for them in their return, and when they are gone they will each other.

3. Compare it to “Soldier, Rest!” 

These two poems are very different. Mainly becuase Absolution is poem that takes place during the war, in which we can see soldiers parting to the front line, and where the author mentions what war involves, the feelings of the soldiers, and others. But “Soldier, Rest!” is a poem about death in war.  In which the author is telling the soldier that he does not have to worry about fighting, bullets, waking up in the middle of the night to hear the sound of weapons, because now he will “Sleep the sleep that knows not breaking”. The being the main difference in the poems, we also see that both authors come from different centuries, and have different vocabularies. Sassoon, uses more simple vocabulary, and Scott uses a more vulgar, but not in a bad way, kind of vocabulary. He uses words as if he were a soldier talking to another comrade, telling that he does not have to worry about war anylonger, he may sleep forever.

4. Illustrate it with pictures and explain which different parts of the poem they illustrate.

This picture shows the main events of war

Here we can see what parting for soldiers was like. In the back of the picture we read “new hope” that is what they seeked the most.

Publicado en 4AC2017, literature | Deja un comentario

Games at Twilight

For our Literature’s weekly virtual period we had to analyse a short story we had already read called “Games at Twilight” by Anita Desai. Here is the work I did.

Task 1: choose 10  quotes to analyze deep.


  • …a poor, ruined and conquered city.


This quote is from the moment in which Ravi describes the shed that he  is going to hide into, que describes it as a “poor” and “ruined” because inside the shed was full of rat holes, and spider webs, buckets with holes, and other valueless things that they owned. His mother only went inside the shed once a year, to fix the rat holes and remove the spider webs. Also he describes the shed as a “conquered city” because it had citizens of its, some of whom were the spiders and rats.


  • …everything was still curtained and shuttered in a way that stifled the children, made them feel that their lungs were stuffed with cotton wool and their noses with dust…


This quote belong to the first paragraph of the story, is the introduction. In the paragraph we are told that the children’s mother wouldn’t let them go outside to play in the hot day, they were stuck inside the house, all of the blinds were shut, windows were closed, and they felt as “their lungs were stuffed with cotton wool and their noses with dust”. This phrase is to describe how the children were feeling in the hot day, they were dying basically, it was disgusting to feel the heat up their nose and down their lungs.


  • …he had been forgotten, left out and he would not join them now.


This quote is from the final paragraph of the story. Ravi is feeling the ignominy of being forgotten. He cannot face it. He refuses to play with the other children to the funeral game, he wanted a victory, but he was so blinded by the feeling of it, that he actually forgot what he had to do to achieve it. Now he won’t play with the other children, he just laid on the grass, seeing his triumph fade away like a bad memory.


  • …his voice broke with rage and pity at the disgrace of it all and he felt himself flooded with tears and misery.


This quote is from the moment in which Ravi comes out of the shed to claim he’s longed for victory, the moment he had been playing over and over in his head. But when he makes it through to the veranda and finally calls out his triumph, he realizes that the children were no longer playing hide and seek, they had changed the game, forgotten about him. It was as if his dream was thrown into the floor and crushed. He couldn’t believe, let alone face it. This quote shows exactly that feeling, the disgrace and the pity, the misery and pain of not having won.


  • All this time no one had remembered Ravi.


This is when we are told that throughout the long hours that Rvi had been hiding in the shed, thinking about how to claim his victory, his family had moved on with their lives as any other ordinary afternoon, and no one had even noticed that he was missing. The children had ended and started many games, the parents had come back from work, washed their car, watered the plants. And when Ravi came out from his hiding to realize that no one had even noticed him gone, he couldn’t believe it. That moment is where this quote is taking us, to when Ravi realized he had been forgotten by his family.

  • He hugged his knees together and smiled to himself almost shyly at the thought of so much victory, such laurels.

In this quote he imagine the sensation of winning this war in hide and seek and because of it he started feeling the adrenaline of the victory. He also thought about overcome his opponents specially Raghu who was the oldest one and this is why he started feeling this excitement and was very anxious about it. All that he wanted at this part of the story was to try that taste of victory and feel superior to others by showing his abilities in this game which was very important for him. He wanted to prove that he could do it!


  • Ravi shook, then shivered with delight, with self-congratulation.


This quote described Ravi’s feeling at the middle of the story. It says that Ravi was a little bit scared but also happy because he hide in an interesting place where it was difficult to be seen. He was a little bit nervous because of the adrenaline of run and hide in some other place as he had the risk that he could be seen. He was feeling the victory as he could hide in an another place. This place was a little bit dark and with some insects but it was a very intelligent position for the game and he was very brave for running up the there and risking his life.


  • The scent of earth receiving water, slaking its thirst in great gulps and releasing that green scent of freshness, coolness.


This quote describes the the moment of the twilight and it admired how is nature formed by and Ali think it showed the part of every story when the end is coming soon and something would change everything as it is all the scenery relax and quiet. This was the moment when Ravi realized the time of the day it was as he would see the twilight and it’s show. Victory was so near that he could also feel it! The end was coming and he was prepared for it !



  • What fun if they were all found and caught – he alone left unconquered!


This phrase took part of Ravi’s objective in this game. He wanted to win! But not sharing the victory with another partner, he wished to be the only champion in this game and have all the triumph and happiness for himself. This quote showed how awesome it would be if all his opponents ,who ,by the way were his brothers and sisters, were caught and lose the game. If this happened he would have more chances to win and he will be invictus. This quote also shows how a kid always wants to win and how he would find his own happiness just by winning a game against his family without receiving any material prize, only honor and triumph.


  • He wanted victory and triumph- not a funeral.


In this quote we can see that the narrator is describing Ravi’s thoughts. He didn’t want to be a loser. He wanted to win this game. When you are a kid games like hide and seek are taking very seriously, in this case the protagonist saw this game as if it was life or death. If Ravi wins he will be safe and with triumph and honor but if he lose this game he will be death and having a “funeral”. This thoughts helped him to continue playing

Task 2: Focus on the theory of Rite of Passage and write a paragraph commenting on this.

The theory of rite of Passage consists of five elements, the first one being the object of desire that the protagonist cannot get, in our case for Ravi the object he could not obtain was the victory, the possibility to defeat Raghu. The second element is “trespassing” when the children go outside and play in the veranda despite of the fact that their mother told them they could not do so. The third element is the “dare or challenge” which in our case is the entering of Ravi to the shed, despite of it being a dark and scary place. The fourth element in Rite of Passage is the “mischief” that should be owned up, but we do not see this element present in the story , because Ravi does respond to the fact of having lost, in a mature way, he does not own up to it. The final element is “acceptance” which does not occur in this story, Ravi cannot accept the fact that he has lost and that the game is over. So we see that he has not truly grown up, the Rite of Passage has not been completed and he has not grown at all, he is still a kid.

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Film: “Marie Antoinette”

1- Marie Antoinette is sometimes referred to as “The Teenage Queen”. What attitudes in the movie can show that?  In the movie you can clearly see how the character behave as a teenager. Her main activity was going and organizing parties even being drunk all the time. Furthermore, she had a very  characteristic childish personality. Last but not least, she broke some rules and also, she cheated on her husband.

2- After her first child is born she shows many changes in her attitude and lifestyle. How? Provide examples. Why do you think that happens?

When her first child was born, she decided to move to the farm. She used her new house and place to teached her daughter how to treat animals and flowers. This new life was helpful to her personality because she seemed to get a little bit more mature, although she couldn’t abandon the party.

3- Some historians have often suggested that Marie Antoinette’s behaviour helped encourage agitation in the people at the beginning of the Revolution. Can you find any instances in the movie that confirm or deny this claim?

It is true that she might have cause agitation because of her extravagance and excess spending on image stuff such as cloth, jewels, etc. In the movie this is shown very clearly every time she was getting dress.

4- Towards the end of the movie, we see a more mature woman. How does she show she has somehow stopped being “The Teenage Queen”?

In the movie is shown that she stopped being “The Teenage Queen” when the people of france attack Versailles and she thanked over and decided to stay by her husband although he begged her to leave with the kids. She wanted to  support him. This scene shows a big change in her personality and how maturity and responsibility took place in her life.

Publicado en 4AC2017, history | Deja un comentario

History assignment

The following activity was about an end of unit assignment. I work with Jose Tasca and Tin Reynal.

  1. Why was Napoleon able to rise to power by 1799? 
  2.  What does Napoleon’s rise to power say about the weaknesses of the French Revolution?
  3. ‘Napoleon’s domestic policies did more to increase his power than extend liberty in France’. How far do you agree with this claim? 


  1. By 1799, the directory was in disarray. Together with two directors, Napoleon proposed several changes to the 1795 constitution. When these were rejected Napoleon called on his loyal soldiers to impose his will. On 9 november 1799, he staged a coup and overthrow the Directory. He established a Consulate, with himself as chief of the three consuls. This lasted until he proclaimed himself emperor in 1804.
  2. The French Revolution left big consequences and because of this big hole in the country Napoleon find an opportunity to take the power. As there were many people with different views they couldn’t decide what to do. Not leaving aside, the economic situation was not good so people were at the border of collapsing due to hunger and poverty. French people from the different types of groups were lost as they didn’t have someone to follow as no reference was in the country. As France was suffering from all these, Napoleon as I said before, find an opportunity to rise and this shows clearly how weak the French Revolution left the country.


  1. After the long period of instability in France, Napoleon seemed to acknowledge the importance of maintaining his power, influence and control over France and the French people. Napoleon was very able in this regard as it is important to make the people support him and to limit opposition. Napoleon maintained his power in many different ways, rewarding people that supported him, repressing people who didn’t, censoring material that would harm his regime and producing other material to boost its popularity. He also controlled things which were important for everyday people like religion, education, finance and backed it all up by keeping the military under his support. With the Domestic policies that he introduced in France, he managed to widely gain power while “correctly and appropriately” restoring the order of the country, and achieving the aims of liberty, equality, and fraternity, which were partly and subjectively attained. One of the main ones was to sign a concordat with the Catholic Church that, while restoring some of the church’s power, meant that the church gave up its ability to control politics in France. Instead, the Vatican recognized the power of the Republic and officially relinquished lands that the church had lost earlier in the French Revolution. The concordat also allowed freedom of religion in France. While Catholicism was the religion of the majority of people in France, it was not the religion of the state. Also, The Napoleonic Code established five codes of laws: civil codes, commercial codes, penal codes, and codes of criminal and civil procedures. These codes provided all French citizens with the same basic rights and disallowed privileges based on birth. All citizens were allowed freedom of religion and the right to apply for government positions. Napoleon also established a new educational system that afforded some education to girls (though not on the same level as boys). While primary schools were the responsibility of local areas, the state took over the control of secondary schools (while some were still operated by the church). Beyond secondary schools, 30 lycées were established, and scholarships were offered to make sure that talented students from all classes were able to secure the education necessary for future careers in government and the military.


Publicado en 4AC2017, history | Deja un comentario

I Find No Peace: poem analysis


I find no peace, and all my war is done.

I fear and hope. I burn and freeze like ice.

I fly above the wind, yet can I not arise;

And nought I have, and all the world I season.

That loseth nor locketh holdeth me in prison

And holdeth me not—yet can I scape no wise—

Nor letteth me live nor die at my device,

And yet of death it giveth me occasion.

Without eyen I see, and without tongue I plain.

I desire to perish, and yet I ask health.

I love another, and thus I hate myself.

I feed me in sorrow and laugh in all my pain;

Likewise displeaseth me both life and death,

And my delight is causer of this strife.

Follow this link to learn about the poet.

Resultado de imagen para i find no peace poem by thomas wyatt worksheet


  1. What situation is the speaker reflecting on?   The speaker is dealing with love misery. He is surviving towards a woman he doesn’t own. At the same time he have his original couple, that share a mutual love. The speaker is fighting the situation of loving two women, which he can have only one. He is suffering.
  2. What metaphors and similes does he use to express his feelings?  Metaphors such as,“I burn and freeze like ice.” and “I desire to perish, and yet I ask health.” show  contradictory feelings he has for both women.
  3. How many separate paradoxes are in the poem?  There are 10 paradoxes.
  4. What is the cumulative effect of so many paradoxes?  So many paradoxes represent the confusion of the speaker. They express love but at the same time hate. There is a huge mix of feeling towards them.
  5. What is the general topic of the paradoxes in lines 1-4?  The generals topics, are nature and human being sensations and experience.
  6. What is the general topic of the paradoxes in lines 5-8?  The main topic here is isolation. You can understand how the voice is trapped, by his own messy feelings.
  7. Why does the speaker in line 11 declare that hating himself is the consequence of loving another?  Because he is feeling guilty. In the monogamy people are not allowed to fall in love with other persons if you are with someone. So in this case the speaker is in love with 2 women (which is not right) So no he have to paid the  consequences.
  8. Why is it ironic that his “delight” is the “causer of this strife”?  Because the delight is supposed to be a pleasant feeling, but in this case it is provoking suffering.
  9. To what extent do you think the paradoxes are an accurate expression of the feelings of a person in love, particularly in light of the fact that in the 16th century the completely free and unchaperoned meetings of lovers were not easily arranged?  I believe that this paradoxes left a clear message of what being in love with two people at the same time is. The paradoxes are helpful to see how hard it was for him to be in love with two women.
  10. To what extent do the paradoxes capture the agonies of the speaker?  The paradoxes capture the speaker’s agonies perfectly. Through them we see all his pleasures, delights, but also his pain and suffering. We see how badly he feels for loving two people at the same time.



Publicado en 4AC2017, literature | Deja un comentario

Ensayo literatura

Los hombres y las mujeres presentan diferencias sustanciales, tanto en su desarrollo físico como en su capacidad psíquica. Por comparación, puede afirmarse que las mujeres son representantes del sexo débil.

En primer lugar, para poder establecer si la mujer es más débil que el hombre, es necesario conocer la definición de débil. La primera definición según el diccionario de la real academia de española es de poco vigor o de poca fuerza o resistencia. La segunda es que tiene poca fuerza o poca resistencia anímica o moral para soportar o afrontar desgracias o situaciones difíciles. A partir de esto ya se puede comenzar a debatir.

En segundo lugar, todos aceptamos como algo incuestionable que el aspecto físico de la mujer y del hombre son diferentes. Existen diferencias en la altura, el peso y la estructura muscular. Las diferencias físicas entre el hombre y la mujer llevaron a las sociedades primitivas a organizaciones sociales en las que la mujer no estaba en una situación de igualdad en relación al hombre, con menos derechos en la vida familiar, económica y política. La opinión de la mujer era considerada inferior, y usualmente se consideraba que debía obedecer las órdenes del hombre. En relación al trabajo, era común (y aún lo es en muchos casos) que el hombre se dedique a obtener recursos mientras que la mujer se dedique a las tareas del hogar. Sin embargo, con el paso del tiempo, la idea de las capacidades inferiores de la mujer fueron rebatidas por el avance en el conocimiento; se demostró y comprobó que, si bien existen diferencias de apariencia entre hombres y mujeres, estas no implican una inferioridad de capacidades, sino que el sexo no es determinante de la eficiencia de las personas en los diversos ámbitos de la vida social, política, familiar y laboral.

En tercer lugar, en relación a la segunda definición de débil, es debatible quien tolera más el dolor, si el hombre o la mujer. Se puede decir que los hombres soportan mejor el dolor externo, como por ejemplo, el de un golpe, y también tienen más tolerancia de sus emociones. Sin embargo, esto puede ser también una consecuencia social, mientras que a las mujeres se les permite llorar y expresarse, los hombres tienen que aguantar el dolor debido a que está mal visto expresar emociones. Otro aspecto importante, es que está comprobado que la mujer tiene más resistencia interna que hombre, la mujer tolera un gran dolor como lo es el del parto. Se ha determinado que incluso luego de dar a luz, las mujeres que tuvieron hijos soportan mejor el dolor que otras personas. Y no solo eso, sino que también deben soportar el dolor producido por el ciclo menstrual, adquiriendo mayor resistencia. La mujer en este aspecto no sería más débil que el hombre.

En cuarto lugar, otro aspecto en que la mujer históricamente ha sido subordinada con respecto al hombre es el deporte, considerando que el hombre es más fuerte en este aspecto. El prejuicio hacia las mujeres en los deportes lleva a que se genere una especie de mala predisposición hacia la práctica de actividades deportivas, si una mujer practica football, se la puede considerar poco femenina. Se puede decir, que el rendimiento deportivo no es muy diferente en la mujer, porque es proporcional a su menor tamaño con respecto al hombre.

Antes de concluir, cada sexo ha desarrollado unas determinadas facultades y que se complementan. Desde el punto de vista de estructura del cerebro el tamaño y la estructura del mismo es diferente en el hombre y en la mujer. El hombre posee el cerebro dividido, tiene la capacidad de concentrarse solo en una cosa a la vez, aunque cuenta con esa ventaja para focalizar su atención únicamente en un proyecto de trabajo, las mujeres tienen la capacidad de hacer diversas cosas a la vez, lo que puede considerarse ventajoso para cumplir con muchas tareas en poco tiempo. A una mujer no hay que subestimarla, porque puede lograr muchas cosas. Desde ser mamá y amiga hasta ser una trabajadora.

En conclusión, la idea de que la mujer es el “sexo débil” fue algo que surgió hace años, cuando el machismo, que es la actitud de preponderancia frente a las mujeres, se encontraba muy presente en la sociedad. Esta puede ser refutada, el rol femenino asociado a la pasividad, a la falta de ciertas capacidades, a la limpieza y el cuidado del hogar, eran consideradas cuestiones tan naturales como la capacidad de procrear hijos; pero esto no es algo natural, sino producto de una construcción histórica de ese rol. Las mujeres no son más débiles que el hombre, solamente son diferentes. No hay condiciones psicológicas que limiten a la mujer para ser tan fuertes como los hombres.

Publicado en 4AC2017, Literatura, Uncategorized | Deja un comentario

History Sources

This is our work on the Sources from our History class, I worked with Juan Cruz Subir, Luci Frias, Fran Costamgna and Alina Claps.

  1. What has changed? Why might that change have come about? Draw on previous knowledge from the whole unit.

What has changed between the two sources is that in ten years the people realised how unfair the system of Monarchy and feudalism were. Taxes raised, people had no rights, the king had many luxuries and the people had none. Marie Antoinette would indulge the money from the French population and raise their taxes for more unnecessary things.

2)Sources C, D & E: What do they reveal about the kings reasons for escaping?
These 3 sources show why Louis XVI wanted to escape France.
Source C is written by Marie Antoinette, we see in this source that   she and her husband, were not safe in France, and lived in fear of everyone. The letter shows they could trust nobody, and were in complete danger. From this source we gather that the King and Queen wanted to leave France. Source D, a letter written from the Minister of foreign affairs to an Americann, in the letter the King’s feelings towards the revolution and the situation in France as regards the Revolution where shown. He lacked the ability to make real decisions as regarded his country, and also his own life. Source E is from the King himself. In this source the real motives for escaping are shown. He did not feel safe,  all the insults and outrages his family had been told lead to decide to escape. He wanted to go to live to another province, but was caught and suspected of wanting to abandon France, so he and his family were arrested.


Publicado en 4AC2017, history | Deja un comentario

Poem, Rooms

In literature we read the poem “Rooms” and we answered some questions:


Charlotte Mew

“a cameo cut in steel”

Charlotte Mary Mew, esteemed by Siegfried Sassoon, and Ezra Pound was born in London on November 15, 1869. She took her own life on March 24, 1928. Haunted by unrequited passion and tormented by fears of madness she, nevertheless, produced poems of unique beauty and passion. Although her life was lived for the most part in poverty and despair she was still recognized by Vita Sackville West as a poetess of distinction. Virginia Woolf called her the greatest living poetess, and Marianne Moore, a quarter of a century after her death, considered her work ‘above praise.’ Thomas Hardy accorded her extraordinary praise, and others believed she approached poetic genius.
Today she has been all but forgotten. Penelope Fitzgerald’s laudable Bilbao ography Charlotte Mew and Her Friends attempted to revive a substantial interest in her. Yet a significant lack of response seems to be the case. Material on Mew is sparse indeed. A search of Internet has resulted in a few connections. So this homepage in part will attempt to explain Charlotte Mew, tell of her tragic life, and present some of her lovely and haunting work. The author of this homepage welcomes any comment or help on bringing Charlotte Mary Mew the recognition she deserves.


I remember rooms that have had their part

    In the steady slowing down of the heart.

The room in Paris, the room at Geneva,

The little damp room with the seaweed smell,

And that ceaseless maddening sound of the tide—

    Rooms where for good or for ill—things died.

But there is the room where we (two) lie dead,

Though every morning we seem to wake and might just as well seem to sleep again

    As we shall somewhere in the other quieter, dustier bed

    Out there in the sun—in the rain.


  1. Read about the writer.

    Make notes about her life and about what may have influenced her writings.  Why is it said that the life of the writer was a tragedy?

-She committed suicide because she was full of fears and madness but although she was overcoming this situation, she wrote wonderful poems full of beauty and passion. She also lived in poor and sorrowful conditions. Nevertheless she was recognised by many famous writers as an excellent poet. They all believe she deserves recognition because of her lovely work despite of the tragic life she had. 

           All this suffering may have influenced her writings. 

Her life was a tragedy because it was full of sadness, that’s why she killed herself, she was also very poor which may have also influenced in her life.

  1. Read the poem: how are “rooms” described?

-Rooms are described in the poem in a strange way, but also in a sorrowful way. I think this because, words such as “ill” “damp” or “death” are used for this description, as well as words as “good” or “morning”, what combines both happiness with sadness and life with death.

  1. “The poem offers us a poignant account of loss as qualified through the depiction of abandoned rooms. Rooms are the physical means to which relationships are developed and consecrated. It entails intimacy and love, as well as abandon and death. It shelters individuals, as well as couples, from the harshness of the natural elements outside, providing them with a private and cosy space. There is also a sense of shifting dependence as the couples travel from room to room, leaving their trails behind and simultaneously having images of the abandoned rooms imprinted upon their memories.”


-“In the steady slowing down of the heart.






  1. The poem begins “I remember”. What does this tell you about the voice? And the tone?

-The way the poem begins, refer to the 
voices memory, and in a way brings the sense of a flashback, completely referring to the past. Clearly, this beginning shows that the tone will be very melancholic or nostalgic, and that the voice is not in a nice moment.

  1. What is the theme in your opinion? What is the tone?

-In my opinion, The themes can be Memory, Melancholy and Sorrow, as the poem is very dark and mentions a lot death.

The tone is a Melancholic and nostalgic one, as the voice is completely sad and refers a lot to her memories.

Publicado en 4AC2017, literature | Deja un comentario